The study examined if distance, lighting, and facial masking negatively impact eyewitness identification accuracy. The results indicated that combined negative effects of distance, lighting, and facial masking resulted in chance-level performance in target-present line-ups in some instances. The study also found a positive association between accuracy and high confidence and shorter response times.
Thomas J. Nyman, Julia Korkman, James Michael Lampinen, Jan Antfolk & Pekka Santtila
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